山东省杜郎口中学中考英语复*策略

发布于:2021-06-22 12:02:47

2009 年中考英语复*策略
第一轮:基础知识复*。
Ⅰ. 单词:
学生联想,拓展,寻找记忆的规律及组词造句为主。同时复*单词时也要把游戏贯穿其中。比如:由 success
n. 成功 想到了 succeed v. 成功, successful adj. 成功的 有同学说: successful 是在名词的后面加了 ful,这两个词可以联系起来记。有的同学编成口诀 “动词成功 succeed 变成名词, 只把 ed 变成 ss.”又有同学会说: “在---方面取得成功的句型为 1. succeed in sth.\doing sth. 2. be successful in sth.\doing sth. 3.have success in sth.\ doing sth.. 有同学说:我可以造句如 1. If you work hard ,you will succeed in the final exam. 2. If you work hard ,you will be successful in the final exam. 3.If you work hard ,you will have success in the final exam. ch
让学生找出单词记忆的规律如: ange 改变 ,学生说:“这个单词好记,用汉语拼音就是 chang-e 嫦 娥.”tailor 裁缝 有的学生说:“这个单词可以这样记 tail-or, tail 是尾巴。在尾巴后加 or 就是裁缝。 音 con-gra-tu-la-tions。”
总之,在复*中培养学生对学生的联想拓展能力记单词的记忆能力。
节记忆法如:congratulations 学生说:“ 这个词可以按读音记
为了提高单词学*的趣味性我们可以把游戏设*础H纾荷量ㄓ蜗罚鞴拇ǎ翱ㄓ蜗罚 爱心传递游 戏等。
Ⅱ.教师在课堂中的引领。
教师示范对话或师生共同表演,提高口语交际的时效性和趣味性。对话表演要体现展示的价值性,即学生的 语速要适中,声音洪亮,语音语调要正确。
老师在课堂开始可以给学生讲一个英文笑话,或与学生共同展示一个对话。比如在课堂上我与学生共同展示 了一个有我改编且导演的“盲人与狗”的笑话。我用英语解说,同学们演故事情节。学生的滑稽的表演逗的同学
们哈哈大笑。 One day a blind man is waling down the road with his dog. When they gets to the crossing,
the traffic lights turn red. But the dog doesn’t pay attention to them. He leads the blind man to get into the busy street. There are so many cars, buses running down the street. The cars almost crash them. At last they get to Sidewalk..
The blind man takes out some biscuits and gives them to the dog. A girl comes up to the blind man and asks him in surprise “He almost killed you ,why do you give him biscuits?” The blind man says, “I want to find where his arse(屁股) is. I want to beat him.” Ⅲ. 重难点突破。
注重知识的规律的总结,拓展,延伸是知识更完整更系统。我们注重了对知识点的运用。让学生利用知识 点组织对话或创作。
Eg:常用有关购物的句型 1. Can I help you? What can I do for you? 2. Do you find anything you like? 3. I am looking for a pair of shoes\I want to buy a pair of shoes. 4. Would you show me this cup? 5. I’d like to have a look if you don’t mind. 6. I like this one. May I try it on? 7. It fits you. 8. How about this one? 9. How much is it?\What’s the price of it?\How much does it cost?

10. What size\colour\kind do you want?

11. Do you like this one?\What about this one?

12. I’m afraid it’s much too expensive,I can’t afford it.

13. Do you have anything cheaper?

14. Anything else?

15. I’ll take\have it.

16. Here is the money.

情景再现:

S1: Can I help you?

S2: Yes, I’m looking for a coat.

S1: What colour would you like?

S2: Black.

S1: I’m afraid we haven’t got any black shirts at the moment.

S2: Do you have any other colours?

S1:Yes. What about the brown one?

S2: Let me try it on,OK?

S1: Sure---- Hmm , it looks nice and just right on you.

S2:What’s the price of it?

S1: It’s one hundred and fifty yuan.

S2: All right. I’ll take it. Here is the money.

第二轮复*:专项复*

Ⅰ.让学生在总结,归纳的基础上创设情景,学会运用,是烦躁无谓的语法知识更加形象,灵

活。下面是一节现在进行时的复*设计。

Step1 让学生以组为单位,整理搜集学过的动词。在黑板上设置“动词开会”专栏,然后边读边做动作并板书

在黑板上。让语法学*趣味化。

Step2 让学生由几个现在分词的特殊变化,让学生总结现在分词的变化规则。

Run-running read-reading have – having

1. 一般情况在动词的末尾-ing

2 一步发音的 e 结尾的动词,要去掉 e 在-ing.

3. 一重读闭音节结尾的,且只有一个元音字母加辅音子母结尾的要双写这个辅音字母再加 ing.

Step3: 让学生用三种颜色的笔,把这三种情况从动词专栏中标出。比如:红色表示一般情况,黄色表示去 e

的加 ing 的。 蓝色表示双写加 ing 的。

Step4: 句型 What are you\they doing? I am reading books.\ We(they) are reading books.

What is he she liMing doing ?He\She is reading books. 专

What am I doing?

总结: What +be +主语+ doing?

主语+be+ v-ing sth.

主谓关系用口诀表示; (口诀):

我是 am 你是 are,单数 is 复数 are.

Step5: 让学生边做动作便组织对话。让对话趣味化,形象化。

Step6:能力升级。

Ⅱ.专题训练,加强阅读。培养学生的搜索信息的能力。

学生那一让张照片,用进行时进行描述。或让学生在黑板上画出一幅图,对这幅图进行描述。

一节语法课的设计——<主动语态和被动语态> 专练

首先设定学*目标: 1.让学生掌握这两种语态的结构,并且能够灵活运用. 1.提高学生的英语综合水*. 3.提高学生
的英语兴趣.

教学步骤: Step1 写. 先在黑板上写一句 He cleans the floor every day. 然后让学生用不同的时态造句.e.g. S1: He cleaned the floor yesterday.
S2: He is cleaning the floor now. S3: He will clean the floor tomorrow. S4: He has cleaned the floor already. S5: He was cleaning the floor at 8:oo yesterday. S6: He said he would clean the floor. S8: He had cleaned the floor before 8:oo. Step2 让学生在黑板上分别写出它们的被动语态 . S1: The floor is cleaned every day. S2: The floor was cleaned yesterday. S3: The floor is being cleaned now. S4:The floor has been cleaned already. S5: The floor was being cleaned at8:00 yesterday. S6: The floor will be cleaned tomorrow. S7:He said the floor would be cleaned by him. S8: The floor had been cleaned before 8:00. Step3.写完后让学生相互改正,建立纠错板让学生自觉纠错并且在课堂上说出以警告其他学生不要犯类似的错误. Step4 让学生总结被动语态的结构以及变换的规则. 1. am\is\are +p.p 2. was\were +p.p. 3. has\have been+p.p. 4. will be +p.p. 5. am\is\are being +p.p. 6. was\were being +p.p 7. had been +p.p. 8. would be +p.p. 9. must\can\may be +p.p 动语态变被主动语态: 1. 主语-by+宾语 宾语-主语 2.时态要一致 3.主语谓语要保持一致. Step5. Practice: 1. You must keep your room clean and tidy. (改为被动语态) Your room must _____ ______ clean and tidy. 2. More and more families in China buy cars. (改为被动语态) Cars ____ _____ _______ more and more families in China. 3. Didn’t tell you about it? (改为被动语态) ____ you ___ about it? 补充:( 1.) 含有短语动词的,变被动语态时介词不可丢. 如: take care of, look after, take care of ,look at , listen to, send for.
Eg:.I will look after my little brother tomorrow. (改为被动语态) My little brother _____ _______ ________ _______ by me tomorrow.
(2)带复合宾语的被动语态 make\ let\see\hear\watch\notice 后跟不带 to 的不定式,变被动语态时加上
to .
Eg:. The boss (*) made the workers work 12 hours everyday in old days . (改为被动语态)

The workers _____ ______ ______ _______ 12 hours everyday in old days. (3.)感官动词没有被动语态.
Eg: The soup smells delicious.
Step6.达标训练.
用被动语态填空
1. Two buildings _____ (build) two years ago. 2. This bicycle _____ (can mend ) in two hours. 3. The flowers _______ ( should water) often. 4. This jacket _____ ( make) of cotton. 5. English _______ (speak) in Canada. 6. She will be 14 years old. A new computer _______( give ) to her as a birthday present on that day. 7. Our teeth _______ (should brush) every day. 8. The trees ______ ( may plant) in spring. 9. Dr Bethune ______ ( miss) by Chinese people. 10.That puzzle ______ ( can not solve) by him because it’s too hard. Step7:让学生完成后分别讲解. Step8 .自由对话. 让学生用被动语态做对话,然后展示.最后整理笔记. S1: Look! Our school building is beautiful .Do you know when it was built? S2: It was built in 2004. S1: Oh! I see. Thank you. S2: You are welcome. Ⅲ. 加强听力训练,让学生总结听力技巧。
如: 1. 听录音前要抓紧时间快速浏览所给的问题和及选项,并根据选项的内容进行对比,对短文的内
容进行对比,对短文的内容进行预测。只有这样,在听短文时才能有目的,有选择的作出正确的的判断。2.在听 的过程中,一定要记住五个 W 和一个 H(即 what where who why where how)这样有助于理解文章内容。3. 听 第一遍录音时,要认真仔细的把全文听完。听第二遍时,要有针对性的做一些记录,并利用中间停顿的时间将问 题逐一解决。4. 在听完短文后在进行归纳,综合与判断,就可以顺利的整理出相关信息,从而确定正确答案。
第三轮复*: 综合模拟训练。 让学生定时训练,培养学生的做题技巧。提高分析问题的能力。


相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢